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26 - 07 - 10, 05:12 PM   #1
sarkozy
 
: 08 May 2010
: 35
: 0
sarkozy is on a distinguished road
 
0 pome traduit sarko z
0
0 ( )
0 prsent prcieux de sarko
0
0
0 dlice sombre
0
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0 --


www.u.nl : 29: () 2006 - 4th Year: Issue 29* Jul:
:
.
. minimalist theory . ɡ ( ) . (1982:43) universal grammar " " .
universal grammar . ߡ ɡ .
ɿ
. " " ( )" " (Chomsky 1976:29)
(government and binding theory) " " (1982:50) Lectures on Government and Binding(Chomsky 1981) Knowledge of Language (Chomsky 1986) Barriers (Chomsky 1986). ɡ . ɺ .
. . ( ) . ɡ . (Co 1988).
Structure Dependency
. ǡ . :
Will the teacher leave tomorrow?
:
The teacher will leave tomorrow
1 2 3 4 5
ǡ ( ) .
:
This is a bo that my mother gave me
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
:
A this bo that my mother gave me*
" " .
ɡ . ( ) . ɡ
I finished my homework
Did you finish your homework?
ޡ did ϡ finish .did
. :
The man who (1) is tall (2) is Nabil

. (1)
Is the man who tall is Nabil?* ()
(2) :
Is the man who is tall Nabil?()
:
Nabil is (1) the man who is (2) tall
(1) :
() Is Nabil the man who is tall?
(2) ޡ :
Is Nabil is the man who tall()
( ).
ɡ ͡ ( ) ( ) .
.
ɡ :
He stole the money
The money was stolen
( ) Ǻ ߡ ɡ : ߿ .
() : . : :
޿
:
Amir iin kitaab be hasan daad
( = )
Ki iin kitaab be Bman daad
( = ȿ)
( Ki ) ( ).
: " i . ǡ ". (Chomsky 1972:30)
ɡ .(Co 1988:5) " ( ) () ( ) .(Chomsky 1965:35) * . " " (Co 1988:7) .
Is Nabil is the man who tall*
* . .
.
Head Parameter
.
() (Co 1988:7). : .
(The school teacher)(taught her neighbours)(at her house)
1 2 3
: (1) + (2) + (3) ( ): ( ) .
X-Bar Theory * (Co 1988:86) . : :
The girl with the golden hair -
The blonde girl-
. . (Chomsky 1970) : :
" / " .
: " () " (Chomsky 1970: 49).
( ) . ( ).
ʡ : ѡ ɡ . ɡ / .
Projection Principle
. * (Co 1988:9): . (1988:9) :
Sue likes whiskey
" [_NP]like (NP) " (Co 1988:9).
ɺ :
-
The boy hated his teacher-

:
-
Sammy lied-
.
.
(-- NP)
Hated ( --- NP )
Ϻ :
I believe you
I believe what I heard about you
I believe you are innocent
:
*I believe from the box ()
"" . .
:
.
:
VP --------------- V (NP)
VP
V =
NP =
( ) =
. .
ǡ . .
I and E Approaches to Language
: .
. " " (Chomsky 1986:20). ( ) ʡ (Chomsky 1986:20). . competence performance (Chomsky 1965:4). ߡ () . ѡ .
ɺ " ߿" ( ) ( ) :
*()
()
(1988:17): :
(E-language) (I-language)
ɺ
" ǡ ". .
. .
. .
. .
. .

. :
(X-bar syntax) : (phrases).
(The Projection Principle) : ( ).
(Movement): :
(d-structure) ( ) .
(s-structure) .
(Bounding Theory) : .
q( q -Theory): () .
(Case Theory): .
(Binding Theory): .
(Control Theory) : .
(The Phonetic Form (PF) Component): .
(The Logical Form (LF) Component): .
ޡ . ڡ ( ) (Radford 1997). ߡ .

. ɡ .
:
Chomsky* N (1972): Language and Mind. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovitch.
Chomsky* N (1976): Reflections on Language. London: Temple Smith.
Chomsky* N (1981): Lectures on Government and Binding. Dordrecht:Foris.
Chomsky* N (1982): Some Concepts and Consequences of the Theory of Government and Binding. Cambridge* Mass.: MIT Press.
Chomsky* N (1986): Knowledge of Language. New York: Praeger.
Chomsky* N (1986): Barriers. Cambridge* Mass.: MIT Press.
Co* V.J (1988): Chomskys Universal Grammar. Oxford: Basil Blackwell Inc.
Lasnik* H and J.Uriagereka (1988): A Course in GB Syntax. Cambridge* Mass.:MIT Press.
Radford* A (1997): Syntax: A Minimalist Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1982). . : .
www.uinsania.net : 29: () 2006 - 4th Year: Issue 2


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sarkozy    
26 - 07 - 10, 10:20 PM   #2
 
 
: 30 Apr 2010
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  is on a distinguished road
 
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